Pillar column in honor of Emperor Diocletian in Alexandria

Egyptian landmarks

The pillar of the pillar is one of the most famous monuments in Alexandria. It was erected on the hill of Bab Sidra, between the current area of ​​Muslim burials known as “the burials of the column” and the archaeological plateau of Kom el-Shaqafa. It is made of red granite.

The column was erected in honor of Emperor Diocletian in the third century AD, and is the last surviving monument from the Temple of the Serapeum erected by Postumus.

The column is considered the highest monument in the world, and the exact date of the establishment of this column has not been determined, but it dates back to the Roman era, and it was said that this column was dedicated to Christianity after its victory in Alexandria.

The name of the column dates back to the Arab era, where it is believed that it came as a result of the height of this towering column among 400 other columns, which is similar to the masts of ships.

The body of the column is a single piece with a diameter of 2.70 meters at the base and 2.30 meters at the crown. The total height of the column including the base is about 26.85 meters.

On the western side of the column there are two bases that can be accessed by an underground staircase. There are also two statues similar to the Sphinx made of pink granite dating back to the era of Ptolemy VI. On one of them there is an inscription of King Horemheb of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

The pillar of the pillar is characterized by the accuracy of carving, whether the cylindrical body of a single piece, or the crown of decoration, or the huge base bearing an inscription in the Greek language containing the dedication of the column to the Emperor “Docletian”.

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