Warsaw, the capital of Poland, which joined the European Union in 2004, is the largest and most developed city in the country, with an area of 517 square kilometers and a population of about 1.765 million people, and this ratio makes Warsaw the eighth most populous city in Europe, and here we present to you A list of the best tourist destinations in Warsaw.
Brief history of Warsaw
The city has a very sad past in terms of history, as most of the Jewish population in the world before World War II lived here, then it was bombed by the German army in the late 1930s, and the city was razed to the ground, but with the great effort made by the locals after the war, the city was reborn from the ashes , for this reason it is also called the “City of the Phoenix” and all the historical buildings were constructed, based on old photographs and archival records.
Today, when you go to Old Town Square in Warsaw, you will see towers and castles from the 16th century, yet more than 85% of the city was built in the last 80 years.
The Vistula River divides the city in two. This fertile river, which flows into the Baltic Sea from Gdańsk towards the north, is actually one of the most important symbols of Poland, as it circles the country from north to south and slips through dozens of cities.
It spent 44 years, from 1945 to 1989, under the communist ideology of the Soviets, which overcame freedom and the essence of freedom is not read, and the buildings erected in different parts of the city during this period, which are examples of fascist architecture or Stalinist architecture, show a face The city is different, and the most famous of these buildings is the Palace of Culture and Science which can be seen from all parts of the city.
The best tourist destinations in Warsaw
1- Warsaw square
The Old Town, called Stare Miasto, is the cultural and historical heart of Warsaw, and if you want to understand Warsaw, as in many European cities, you must first begin your adventure with the Old Town Square.
This square is located on the banks of the Vistula River, and is surrounded by hundreds of Baltic houses with steep and colorful roofs, and photos in the archives show how this city, completely destroyed in the 1930s, rose from its ashes in the 1980s.
Warsaw Old Square, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983, consists of many cafés, shops and historical sites to see with a warm atmosphere.
The markets are frequented here by local and foreign visitors, especially in the summer months, and the Old Town Square, where outdoor concerts are sometimes held as part of festivals, is the most exciting and lively place in the city.
In winter, a festive Christmas market, a huge Christmas tree, and an ice rink are set up.
2- Mermaid statue
There are two memorial statues located in the middle of the square, one of which is the mermaid, which is the symbol of the city and you can see it in almost every corner, it is among the top tourist destinations in Warsaw.
According to the legend, two brothers, mermaids, had to separate one day because their paths fell into different canals, then one of the brothers went to Copenhagen, and today there is a mermaid statue in Copenhagen, which is visited by tens of thousands of tourists every year, and the other sister has also arrived in Warsaw Falling into the Vistula River, the mermaid, who holds a sword and shield at her statue in the old square, is also believed to protect the city.
3- Braga district
It is considered the most authentic part of the city because it was not damaged in World War II, and the area around it is particularly rich in culture, ethnic wealth and various places of worship.
There are many different sites that you can see when visiting this area, and the walls decorated with colorful murals and graffiti will attract your attention, and you can choose a cafe or bar to relax in this friendly and bohemian atmosphere.
The Braga Museum can be a place you can visit with an archive that sheds light on the history of the neighborhood. Florian Cathedral is one of the most important places of worship in the area. In addition, Our Lady of Loretta and Our Lady of Kamionec are other important churches that you can visit.
4- Warsaw ghetto
400,000 Jews were imprisoned in this 3.4 square kilometer area built by Nazi forces in 1940 and Jews were sent to concentration camps from here.
The ghetto was then destroyed after the Warsaw Uprising, and there are many impressive monuments and buildings from that period in the area.
5- Royal castle
In the city’s Old Square is the massive, brick-coloured Royal Castle, a 13th-century building that was bombed by the German army in the 1940s. The castle was largely rebuilt in the 1970s and 1980s, and repairs are still going on today.
You can witness the charming life of the royal family that used to reside in this castle, which has become a symbol of the city, as the castle contains the belongings of the royal family, its ornate rooms, and royal paintings.